May 17: The sinking city

Starting out by the Doge’s Palace, we learned about the architecture of Venice. When it was started to be built in the 7th century, wooden pilings were put in the marsh mud and stones were placed on top and buildings on top of the stones. Because of this, Venice sinks 1 mm per a year. In lighter information, here are some of the architectural styles seen in Venice:

Architectural styles
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The Doge’s Palace has been rebuilt a few times, but the style is Italian Gothic, which is different from French and German Gothic. The windows are shaped with a Moorish influence. 
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The building below the bell tower, which is a palace on St. Mark’s square, was done in the Italian Rennaissance-style and has classic rounded windows.
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St. Mark’s Basilica is a mixture of a lot of styles, but the arches are two different heights with the same width, which is classically Byzantine-style. The left-most mosaic is original to the 12th-century building of the church, but the right mosaic was done during the beginning of the Renaissance.
Jewish Ghetto

Venice’s relationship with the Jewish community is unique because it was one of the few European cities that allowed Jewish people to come and live within the city walls. The Jewish Ghetto was established in 1516, and with Napoleon’s conquering of Venice, the Jews could live anywhere in Venice in 1797. It is the world’s oldest ghetto.

Of course, the Jews were not allowed out of the Jewish Ghetto after dark, but they could leave during the day. Merchants and doctors worked outside the ghetto, but pawn shops had to be inside the Ghetto. These seem to be the three jobs that Jews did.

Within the ghetto, the Jews from every country established their own synagogue, so there is a German Ashkenazi synagogue, a Spanish synagogue, an Italian synagogue, and so on and so forth. We were told that intermarriage did not happen between nationalities, but I doubt that.

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While in Budapest and Timisoara, I saw numerous other churches and synagogues with stained glass. Here is a collection of stained glass that I thought look extremely similar:

Street art

I love street art, and in every city, I’ve been in so far, there’s clearly been a community of dedicated artists that are making street art consciously and beautifully.

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